Lesson 12: Advanced Topics I - Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE)

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Generalized Estimating Equations

Key Concepts

  • Generalized Estimating Equations(GEE)
  • Quasi-likelihood
  • Model Fit and Parameter Estimation & Interpretation
  • Link to model of independence


  • Understand the basic ideas behind modeling repeated measure categorical response with GEE.
  • Understand how to fit the model and interpret the parameter estimates.

Useful Links


  • Agresti (2007) Ch. 9, Ch. 10
  • Agresti (2013) Ch. 11, Ch. 12
  • Liang, K.Y. and Zeger, S.L.(1986) "Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear models". Biometrika, 73:1322.
  • Zeger, S.L. and Liang, K.Y.(1986) "Longitudinal data analysis for discrete and continuous outcomes". Biometrics, 42:121130.

To complete this lesson you should :

  • read the online course material
  • read suggested textbook pages
  • complete the Discussion questions/exercises placed throughout the online material