We have just one more type of variable usage, namely that of **computed variables**, to discuss. Computed variables are numeric or character variables that you define for the report. They are not in your input data set, nor does the REPORT procedure add them to the input data set. That is, they exist only for the purpose of displaying them in your report.

Here's how we'll go about adding a computed variable to our reports:

- Specify the computed variable name in the COLUMN statement.
- Define the variable's usage as COMPUTED in the DEFINE statement.
- Compute the value of the variable in a compute block that is associated with the variable.

Let's take a look at an example!

##
Example 10.18
Section* *

The following REPORT procedure uses the `Slope` and `USGA` scores to compute a `Bogey` rating for each golf course that appears in the *stat480.penngolf* data set:

```
PROC REPORT data = stat480.penngolf NOWINDOWS HEADLINE;
title 'Some Pennsylvania Golf Courses';
column Name Slope USGA Bogey;
define Bogey / computed 'Bogey/Rating' format = 7.3;
define USGA / format = 4.1 spacing = 5;
compute Bogey;
Bogey = 0.186*Slope.sum + USGA.sum;
endcomp;
RUN;
```

Name | Slope | USGA | Bogey Rating |
---|---|---|---|

Toftrees | 134 | 74.3 | 99.224 |

Penn State Blue | 128 | 72.0 | 95.808 |

Centre Hills | 128 | 71.2 | 95.008 |

Lewistown CC | 125 | 72.3 | 95.550 |

State College Elks | 123 | 70.9 | 93.778 |

Park Hills CC | 126 | 69.3 | 92.736 |

Sinking Valley CC | 132 | 73.4 | 97.952 |

Williamsport CC | 131 | 71.9 | 96.266 |

Standing Stone CC | 120 | 71.4 | 93.720 |

Bucknell GC | 132 | 70.0 | 94.552 |

Mount Airy Lodge | 140 | 74.3 | 100.340 |

Let's review the procedure. The COLUMN statement tells SAS that we'd like four columns to appear in our report, namely the currently existing `Name`, `Slope`, and `USGA` variables and the yet-to-be-computed `Bogey` variable. The first DEFINE statement tells SAS that `Bogey` is a computed variable, and specifies how to format the result and label the column. The second DEFINE statement merely tells SAS how to format and space the `USGA` column. Then, comes the compute block.

As you can see, the compute block begins with a COMPUTE statement containing the name of the variable to be computed, namely `Bogey`. Then, we use a basic assignment statement to calculate the value of `Bogey`. Well, okay, it doesn't look quite the same as an assignment statement that you'd expect to see in a DATA statement. Here, we have to use a compound name that identifies both the original variable and the statistic that the REPORT procedure now calculates from it. In general, the compound name has the form *variable-name.statistic. * This is why we refer to *Slope.sum* and *USGA.sum*. Finally, we close the compute block with an ENDCOMP statement.

Now, let's have you go ahead and launch and run * * the SAS program, and review the output so that you can convince yourself that

`Bogey`was calculated as described.

Incidentally, the position of a computed variable in the COLUMN statement is critically important. The REPORT procedure assigns values to the columns in a row of a report from left to right. Therefore, you can't base the calculation of a computed variable that appears to its right in the report. To convince yourself of this, move the `Bogey` variable to the first position in the COLUMN statement, and re-run * * the SAS program. Doesn't work now, does it?